The Fix through Michael Massing. Berkeley, CA: University associated with California Press, 2150, 335 pp., $25. 00.
The dirt jacket of Michael jordan Massing’s The Correct summarizes his thesis in bold red-colored letters: “Under the actual Nixon Administration, The united states Had an Effective Medication Policy. WE SHOULD RECOVER IT. (Nixon Had been Right). ” This is a pretty extraordinary in order to make regarding a good administration that acquired office in large part with the “Southern Strategy” which had at its cardiovascular Nixon’s declaration of the “War on Drugs” and whose plans created the cocaine crisis that caused a lot of new concerns ten years later. At most, I might agree that the Nixon administration’s pursuit of the fundamentally bad plan included some advantageous efforts that have been devalued by every following administration. This was not simply because Nixon or their closest advisers had been right about medication policy but due to the fact Nixon was keen on foreign policy problems and his benign ignore of domestic coverage allowed a number of good developments to bloom in the midst of the observe of incompetence as well as corruption that recognized his presidency.
Perceptively concluding that “policies being formulated within Washington today endure little relation to what exactly is taking place on the road, ” Massing efforts to depict the actual effects of drug insurance policy at the street degree. Unfortunately, he does not rely on the epidemiologic evidence or see the careful analyses carried out by researchers such as myself who have methodically examined what is really taking place on the avenue. Instead he depends on the journalist’s normal — and usually deceptive — tool regarding dramatic anecdotes.
Massing’s anecdotal case is actually presented through the tales of Raphael A and Yvonne Stalinsky. Flores runs Phone line Cares, a drop-in center for lovers in Spanish Harlem. Hot Line Cares, that Flores founded in the 1970s, is essentially just a filled office in of the otherwise abandoned tenement where Flores great staff advise and also assist addicts who would like to get into treatment. Provided the fragmented condition of drug abuse therapy in New York City, and most other American interests, it is no simple task to connect junkies with appropriate treatment and even harder for connecting them with adequate aftercare. Massing writes, “If a Holiday Inn is filled, it will at least contact the Ramada across the street to see if it has a openings. Not so two remedy programs”
Yvonne Edinburgh is a crack abuser trying to get her living together. Massing explains her trials along with tribulations as the girl copes with her sickness and makes her method through New York City’s treatment nonsystem. Costly affecting story in addition to well told. The writer presents it as a spat for treatment and perversely as an argument towards decriminalization or legalization. But she is one of the numerous examples that display that prohibition will not prevent addiction. As well as improvements in the girl drug problem appear to have less related to the treatment she do receive than with within her life scenario.
These two lives give a touchstone to which his or her narrative will later on return. The middle 3rd of the book changes dramatically in strengthen as Massing stories the evolution from the war on drugs inside Washington. During Nixon’s tenure, the government invested more money on cure (the “demand” side) than on preventing drug trafficking (the “supply” side), which usually he argues resulted in declines in both medicine overdoses and criminal offenses. As successive presidents felt pressure to emphasise the “war” instead of treatment, he claims that the number of persistent addicts skyrocketed. Within the third and final section Massing earnings to Spanish Harlem, where Hamilton proceeds a difficult struggle to stay drug-free and As struggles to keep the center afloat and also to keep from falling in to addiction himself.
It does not take second part of the guide that is the heart involving Massing’s thesis. This is a tale that is common to those of us that are active in the field connected with drug policy plus, in addition to scholars, some other journalists have informed it before — Dan Baum (1996) and Mike Grey (1998) doing so especially well — however I will summarize (with some details Massing missed or remaining out) the history with drug policy below Nixon for the readers who is not familiar with the storyplot.
In 1968, because Richard Nixon had been making his return run for the obama administration, he adopted the particular “Southern Strategy” which has been the key to Republican victories in presidential races ever since. Because the end of Renovation every Democratic presidential candidate had been in a position to rely on the ballots of the “solid South” but the Northern Democrats’ support for municipal rights had been the reason for increasing disaffection within the South, as epitomized by Strom Thurmond’s independent run with regard to President against Truman in 1948. After that, in 1964, The state of alabama Governor George Wallace’s bid for the Democratic nomination for Leader showed that racism won votes inside the North as well as the Southern. Nixon wanted to succeed the South, along with racists’ votes from the North, without problem more traditional Republican arrÃªters by an freely racist campaign. The solution Nixon and his agents found was to strategy against crime, which often most Americans very falsely equated along with minorities. So what when the crime rate was really declining, Americans manage to always believe that criminal offense is increasing just like they seem to usually blame it upon cultural or Ã©tnico outsiders.